EuroPython 2016 seems to have three major topics this year, two of which make heavy use of Cython. The first, and probably most wonderful topic is beginners. The conference started with a workshop day on Sunday that was split between Django Girls and (other) Python beginners. The effect on the conference is totally visible: lots of new people walking around, visibly more Python beginners, and a clearly better ratio of women to men.
The other two big topics are: async networking and machine learning. Machine learning fills several talks and tutorials, and is obviously backed by Cython implemented tools in many corners.
For async networking, however, it might seem more surprising that Cython has such a good stand. But there are good reasons for it: even mostly I/O bound applications can hugely benefit from processing speed at the different layers, as Anton and I showed in our talk on Monday (see below). The deeper you step down into the machinery, however, the more important that speed becomes. And Yury Selivanov is giving an excellent example for that with his reimplementation of the asyncio event loop in Cython, named uvloop. Here is a blog post announcing uvloop.
Since the final talk recordings are not online yet, I have to refer to the live stream dumps for now.
The talk by Anton Caceres and me (we're both working at Skoobe) on Fast Async Code with Cython and AsyncIO starts at hour/minute 2:20 in the video. We provide examples and give motivations for compiling async code to speed up the processing and cut down the overall response latency. I'm also giving a very quick "Cython in 10 Minutes" intro to the language about half way through the talk.